The Valley of Ashes, throughout the novel, is a location that represents the failure and myth of the American Dream.The population of this small town, that is located between Manhattan and West Egg, have been lied to by the promise of the American Dream. “The American Dream is that dream of a land where life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement.” – James Truslow Adams. This quote examples what everyone in America has been promised, but have not received. Everyone in this town has worked diligently toward the ideal promise of success and happiness shared equally between everyone, but have never been rewarded accordingly. Instead the inhabitants of this town have been lied to as they constantly strive for the unattainable dream, in false faith of grasping what has been untruthfully guaranteed. Upon entering the Valley of ashes, Nick describes the town as “This is the valley of ashes – a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens…” In contrast to a regular luscious green farm, the valley of ashes is a “Fantastic” farm. Fantastic meaning remote from reality, unreal, where instead of wheat, dusty ashes grow amongst the fields.
“…where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air.” This illustrates how the town is full of grime it’s land/ position in society is overshadowed by its own poverty. This industrial town is the epitome of depression, its ashen covered land leads to its appearance of being grey and the soot released from their factories smother any sign of life. The valley of ashes is where all the ignorant rich dump their waste.
The Valley of ashes is an accurate representation of the false morals of the American Dream. It’s an example of the unfortunate situation of the poor. For example Wilson, day after day attempted working his way out of the slums, but the depth of the ashes drowned the vitality out of him and all those who lived in the valley. They are unable to work themselves out of this situation as society and all its rotten glory prevents them from ever overcoming their ashen, poverty filled town. Wilson attempted leaving the town with Myrtle, he had plans too, but his attempts were prevented by unfortunate circumstance. His wife was murdered, which lead to his death… his suicide. Dare I say this happened purposefully. Fitzgerald further trying to portray how you can not escape the status allocated by society, you can not escape the valley of ashes and the lie of the American Dream. It is haunting.